Digestion plays an important part in keeping us healthy and fit. Without proper or poor digestion, we can have health issues like bloating, anaemia, poor growth, etc.
Unfortunately, some people experience these issues with certain foods. People with gluten sensitivity may have an autoimmune disorder called “Coeliac Disease.”
If you are confused about whether you have gluten intolerance or coeliac disease, this guide can help. Read this guide to explore everything about coeliac disease.
What Is Coeliac Disease?
Coeliac disease is an autoimmune digestive disorder commonly known as gluten sensitivity and coeliac sprue. Gluten is a protein in barley, wheat, and rye. People with this disease have poor tolerance to gluten consumption.
If you want to add gluten to your diet, you should take the coeliac test. It can help you understand at which intensity your body reacts to gluten.
Cause of Coeliac Disease
It is common for our immune system to protect itself from invaders, such as bacteria, parasites, and viruses.
If a person with coeliac disease eats gluten-rich food, the gluten develops toxins that destroy the small intestine. It specifically targets the tiny hair-like lumps called “Villi” in the small intestine. The damaged villi make it hard for the small intestine to absorb the food. Hence, it leads to severe health issues like diarrhoea, malnutrition, bloating, etc.
Diagnosis of Coeliac Disease
Your sensitivity to gluten food is identified through testing. The test examines the antibodies of coeliac disease in your blood. It shows more accurate results. Normally, a doctor recommends a patient to eat gluten before undergoing tests.
Doctors perform multiple tests besides coeliac tests to confirm the diagnosis of coeliac disease. People with gluten sensitivity show high levels of anti-tissue transglutaminase and anti endomysium antibodies. These are detected in a patient to see if they have coeliac disease. These tests are;
- Complete Blood Count (CBC)
- Genetic DNA Testing
- Cholesterol Test
- Liver Test
- Serum Albumin Test
- Level of Alkaline-Phosphatase Test
If coeliac disease results are positive, you should undergo a couple of biopsies and upper-body endoscopies.
The biopsy for the coeliac disease includes taking a sample of tissue from the small intestine. A healthcare provider inserts a hollow and thin tube, called an “Endoscope”, in your mouth to the small intestine and collects a tissue sample. The biopsy process for coeliac disease is mainly performed with sedation to avoid difficulty or discomfort.
Who Should Go For The Coeliac Test?
Both women and men can develop coeliac disease. People of any age can get gluten sensitivity. Here is a list of people who should consider going for coeliac testing;
- Family history of dermatitis or coeliac disease
- Turner or down syndrome
- Addison’s disease
- Type-1 diabetes
- Autoimmune thyroid disease
Complications of Coeliac Disease
Untreated coeliac disease can lead to severe and long-term health issues, including;
- Irritable Bowel Syndrome
- Thyroid disease
- Lactose Intolerance
Coeliac disease can not be completely cured. However, early detection, medication plan, and management of a gluten diet can relieve its symptoms and prevent serious complications.